十部在影史上有重要意义的电影

作者: 
Chris Opfer
来源: 
博文网

"Gates" (Workers Leaving the Lumiere Factory) is the first film in the world, taken by the Lumiere brothers in 1895. And title, as the contents of the film workers leaving the factory after work, only 47 seconds.

Due to the advent of the movie for the first time, although the content simple, but it is still quite surprised after reading. Over time, the audience and the directors are hoping to join the growing number of things in the movie. In today's technological advances, the director who has the time to complete seemingly impossible stunts in the film. For example, in the 2013 film "Gravity" (Gravity), the director Alfonso Caron (Alfonso Cuaron) uses a constantly moving picture, let the audience to produce a feeling of living in outer space. In order to make good use of these lenses, the actors were tied to the protection belt, surrounded by huge LED light board continues to rotate, to create a rotating light. Finally shoot astronauts in weightlessness rattling real effect.

From leaving the factory workers to astronauts in space rotation, an interval of countless engineers, inventors, photographer, director, screenwriter and actor. Below we summarize in ten important film in the history of movies.

10. "Battleship Potemkin" (Battleship Potemkin, 1925 年)

Silent movie "Battleship Potemkin" is about the 1905 Russian sailor brutality against Tsar story. The movie could have been a political commercials, excellent production results surpassed all previous drama movies.

The story is divided into five parts, including "Odessa Steps" is the most noteworthy, the filmmakers, academics eyes is a breakthrough film clips. Sergei Eisenstein (Sergey Eisenstein) is the first use of montage director, showed his full tsarist army invaded the town of bloody scenes, and the tragic fate of the town residents.

"Battleship Potemkin" was banned in several countries, ironically, Stalin's Soviet Union also banned the film "Battleship Potemkin." Stalin feared the movie would incite people to overthrow his repressive rule.

9. "The General" (The General, 1926 年)

You are in the "Bourne" (The Bourne Identity) and "Die Hard" (Die Hard) inside look enough variety of exciting action scenes, but Matt Damon (Matt Damon) and Bruce Wiley Before Adams (Bruce Willis), "The General" of Buster Keaton (Buster Keaton) can only be counted on is the godfather level figures action films. He did not use a substitute in the film, independently of all stunts. Escape Master Harry Houdini (Harry Houdini) had witnessed his fall down the stairs, but unharmed.

And today is not the same as action star, Buster Keaton's action scenes are usually funny. He is one of the oldest poker face actor in the film never face. Many stars have to learn his style of performance, such as Bill Murray (Bill Murray), Alec Baldwin (Alec Baldwin), Michael Sela (Michael Cera) and Zach 加利费安纳 Keith (Zach Galifinakis).

"The General" is Buster Keaton best works, tells the story of a grab rail, by Buster Keaton directed and starred in.

8. "The Jazz Singer" (The Jazz Singer, 1927 年)

"The Jazz Singer" was the first to break the sound barrier in a movie theater, at the producer's time to join the voice dialogue. This feat for a team to win the Oscar producers Technical Achievement Award.

Warner Bros. was using what is known as "Victoria too Wind" technology, specifically looking for a person needs to synchronize with the recorded movie dialogue and music synchronization effect is very unstable, but he was taken an important first step. "New York Times" reporter in a critic said: "Victoria is too wind recorded songs and dialogue, too-dimensional technology is relatively mature wind is a very ambitious attempt to add music to a large extent for the movie gives life.."

Although the dimensions are too wind and similar technologies will soon be synchronized video and audio recording technology alternatives, but it is still in the "Bugs Bunny" (Looney Tunes) and other animated films to flex its muscles, to the fifties was completely eliminated.

7. "Citizen Kane" (Citizen Kane, 1941 年)

If you have not seen Buzz Lu Heman (Baz Luhrmann) of "The Great Gatsby" (The Great Gatsby), do not look, to look at the "Citizen Kane" it, the same is based on "The Great Gates than the "original adaptation of" Citizen Kane, "the story of the American dream is more satisfactory.

"Citizen Kane" is often located in the top list of the best movies, the protagonist is a publishing magnate, got lost everything in the pursuit of glory in the process. The film's screenplay is Orson Welles (Orson Welles) and Herman Mankiewicz (Herman Mankiewicz). Actor has real prototypes in real life, it is the media mogul William Randolph Hearst (William Randolph Hearst).

Orson Welles also directed and starred in this film classic. By the time confused narrative technique, with light and dark mood of the performance figures focal length lens applications, "Citizen Kane" about the movie several grades improve.

6. "exhausted" (Breathless, 1960 年)

Wes Anderson (Wes Anderson) and Quentin Tarantino (Quentin Tarantino) followers should take the time to look at Jean-Luc Godard (Jean-Luc Godard) and François Trysil Dover (Francois Truffaut), as the two giants of the French New Wave film movement a huge impact on the American director, which makes use of the new technology they tell old stories.

Martin Scorsese (Martin Scorsese), said: "The French New Wave film movement influenced American filmmakers of all time, regardless of whether they have not seen those movies, it is indeed the same as the waves swept the theater."

As a representative of the New Wave movement, "exhausted" the most famous is the jump clip style. Director Godard repeatedly shooting the same scene, through subtle angle changes to show the passage of time. This style is also one kind of movie theme for this crime irritable, tense atmosphere.

After jumping clip became the modus operandi of manufacturing tensions.

5. "eight and a half" (81 / 2,1963 year)

By Italian director Federico Fellini (Federico Fellini) hands, "eight and a half," the protagonist is unable to shoot a film director, film interspersed with dreams, fantasy and reality scenes in front of the audience who want to distinguish themselves seen in the end belongs to which class.

"Eight and a half," the opening screen is a dream, the protagonist stuck in traffic jams, and he struggled to leave his car, and then drifting into the clouds, the result was a rope tied to his own feet back to the ground. No matter what they thought of things, the new film plans haunt him. Title was called "eight and a half" because it is directed by Federico Fellini movie half the eighth.

The film inspired a future director from traditional linear narrative style, benefit from including non-realist director David Lynch (David Lynch), Terry Gilliam (Terry Gilliam), Darren A Luonuo Ostrovsky (Darren Aronofsky) and Michel Gondry (Michel Gondry).

4. "2001 A Space Odyssey" (2001: A Space Odyssey, 1968 年)

This is Stanley Kubrick (Stanley Kubrick) a small step, but it is a big special effects movie. The film allows filmmakers to rethink all the possibilities of the film. Steven Spielberg (Steven Spielberg) said, "2001 A Space Odyssey" is the big bang film industry of his time. You can even find the "2001 A Space Odyssey," the shadow from the past few years, "Inception" (Inception) in.

The film two and a half hours long, but only 40 minutes of dialogue scenes. Most of the time, Stanley Kubrick, using the screen, music, sound, and absolute silence to lead the audience in space travel. And Federico Fellini in "eight and a half" in doing the same, "2001 A Space Odyssey" proved once again that a good story does not necessarily use a linear narrative to express.

The film is not the story of the greatest breakthroughs, but the visual effects and special effects. Those techniques were later widely used science fiction filmmakers.

3. "Toy Story" (Toy Story, 1995 年)

Pixar (Pixar) position in the animation industry do not speak? "Toy Story," a symbol of the rise of Pixar. No "Toy Story" no "Monsters Inc." (Monsters, Inc.), there is no "Finding Nemo" (Finding Nemo), there is no "Pixar" (Up), there is no "Toy Story 2", not " Toy Story 3. " When in 1995, "Toy Story" was released, if you predict "flying Pixar" and "Toy Story 3" can get nominated for an Oscar for best film, people will tell you that this is nonsense. If there is no "Toy Story," the US Motion Picture Arts and Sciences will not add an Oscar for best animated film award in 2001, when.

In the production of "Toy Story" in the process of exploring a number of new areas of Pixar. This is the first film produced entirely CGI, CGI now the film industry has become an important technology indispensable. This is a children's movie, but the clever dialogue also attracted a lot of adults. "Toy Story" and later became a successful experience for all Pixar cartoon ideas.

2. "Avatar" (Avatar, 2009 年)

By "Avatar", James Cameron (James Cameron) + computer special effects for live-action sci-fi film shooting this method to set a new standard. Because mature 3D technology, like the actors on the screen to jump out from the same. There are expressions of technology to capture actor, the director can see through this technology to convert into effect immediately after the animation.

Of course, "Avatar," the story of a little boring, nothing more than a group of American soldiers to seize the future of energy in the story, and "Citizen Kane" is certainly immeasurably, but "Avatar" is still worth a visit, after all, it brought a new 3D world.

1. "Shame" (Shame, 2011 年)

And all the movies on the list are not the same, "Shame" is a 17 ban films. So some people may choose to turn off the lights, lock the door, a man quietly watching the movie in the bedroom, and accompanied by interaction.

This is a fascinating at the same time introducing disturbing movie, thanks to Michael Fassbender (Michael Fassbender) performances. The reason why the movie film history is significant, because it is the world's first 17 banned the film department.

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